Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas Ix Smp Narrative Text





Kompetensi Dasar


  :

3.7 Membandingkan manfaat sosial, struktur teks, dan atom kebahasaan beberapa teks naratif oral dan catat dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait
fairytales, singkat dan sederhana, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya




4.7 Mengait makna secara kontekstual tercalit faedah sosial, struktur pustaka, dan unsur kebahasaan bacaan naratif, lisan dan tulis, sangat sumir dan primitif, terkait
fairytales




Definition of Narrative Text



Pustaka naratif adalah satu bentuk teks yang lisan atau tertulis yang mengobrolkan sebuah cerita bermula satu budi atau makin yang mengahadapi situasi tertentu yang dibuat dengan harapan untuk menghibur para pembaca.



Jenis teks naratif seperti,
legend, fable, fairy tale, folktale, short story, real-life sandiwara boneka, classic, fantasy, adventure, science, fiction, myth dan mistery.




Example



of Narrative Text




SANGKURIANG





Once upon a time in West Java, Indonesia, lived a princess named Putri Sumbi. She was beautiful and kind-hearted. Her hobby was weaving cloth. But sometimes she could be very lazy. One day her weaving tool fell but she was too lazy to get it herself. She shouted out, “Can anybody help me get my tool? If you are a female, I will take you as my sister. If you are a male, I will marry you!”


A male creature came, but it was a dog. His name was Tumang. He happily brought her the tool. Dara Sumbi was very surprised but she had to keep her promise. She married the dog. Tumang was actually a man who sempadan been cursed by a witch to become a dog. But at certain times Tumang could turn back to be a normal man. Their only son, Sangkuriang, was soon born, and he grew up to be a handsome and healthy boy. He always played with his very konstan dog, Tumang. He did not know that he was actually his father, because Dayang Sumbi hid the secret from him. Sangkuriang liked to hunt in the woods, of course with Tumang.


One day Dayang Sumbi asked him to bring home a deer’s heart. But, after hunting for several days, he could not find any deer in the woods. He didn’falak want to disappoint his mother and was thinking hard about how to bring home a deer’s heart. Suddenly he senggat a very bad idea. He killed Tumang. Then he brought his heart home and gave it to Amoi Sumbi.


Sangkuriang could not cheat her. She knew it was Tumang’s heart. So, she riol very angry and hit Sangkuriang’s forehead with a piece of wood and told him to leave. With a bad wound on his forehead, Sangkuriang left the village.


Many years later, Sangkuriang grew up to be a powerful handsome man. One day, he went back to his village. He met a beautiful young woman there, and he fell in love with her at first sight. It was Perawan Sumbi. She never got older because she had been granted eternal youth by the gods.


Sangkuring did titinada know that she was his mother, so she came to her and proposed to marry her. When he walked closer to her, Dayang Sumbi got very surprised. She saw the scar on Sangkuriang’s forehead, and soon she knew that he was her son, who left her a long time ago. She told him the truth and tried hard to explain it to him, but he did not believe in her. She did not want to break his heart, so she accepted his proposal but gave him an impossible thing to do. She wanted him to build a lake and a boat in just one night!


Sangkuriang agreed, because he knew that he could make it with the help of his genies. By midnight, he finished the lake and then started making the boat. Dara Sumbi was thinking hard to find a way to fail him.


Before dawn, she asked the people in the village to burn the woods in the East, and the light made all the cocks crow. Thinking that the night would be oper soon, the genies ran fast and left Sangkuriang before the boat was finished. Sangkuriang realized that Pemudi Sumbi had cheated him. He riol very angry and he kicked the boat upside down. It gradually became a mountain and it is now known as Mt. Tangkuban Perahu.



Purpose of Narrative Text



Seperti yang sudah disebutkan diatas bahwa intensi utama dari pustaka naratif adalah lakukan
menghibur pembaca
or
entertain the readers.Bagi sebagian galangan, terutama peserta didik teks naratif bisa berfungsi buat meredam emosi dan sekaligus menumbuhkan penghormatan terhadap poin-ponten luhur yang dijunjung janjang maka dari itu masyarakat di lingkungannya, sebagai halnya kewiraan, disiplin, ketaatan dan hormat kepada orangtua, keterusterangan, kebenaran dan sebagainya.




Generic Structure



Struktur teks naratif galibnya andai berikut:




  1. Orientation

    , memasyarakatkan gembong, tempat, waktu terjadinya cerita.



  2. Evaluation

    , mengasihkan penilaian adapun situasi dan kondisi terjadinya narasi.



  3. Complication

    , memaparkan krisis yang terjadi terhadap tokoh terdahulu.



  4. Resolution

    , krisis berakhir dengan baik alias dengan bukan baik bagi tokoh yang kembali merupakan intiha cerita.



  5. Reorientation

    , memberikan alasan maupun komentar umum, mana suka.


Language Features



Elemen kebahasaan nan terwalak internal teks naratif,



  1. Penyelenggaraan bahasa:

    simple past

    dan

    past continuous tense
    .


  2. Kalimat langsung dan tidak langsung.


  3. Kosakata: benda atau tindakan yang tersapu dengan jiwa tokoh kisahan.


  4. Adverbia penghubung perian:
    first, then, after, that, before, at last, finally
    dan sebagainya.


  5. Adverbia dan frase preposisional indikator waktu:
    a long time ago, one day, in the morning, the next day, immediately
    dan sebagainya.


  6. Penggunaan nominal singular dan bervariasi secara tepat, dengan atau minus
    a, the, this, those, my their
    dan sebagainya.


  7. Perkataan, tekanan kata, intonasi.


  8. Ejaan dan tanda baca



Types of Narrative Text



Jenis-jenis Narrative text dapat berupa
legend (legenda), folktale, myth, fable, fairy tale, dan tak-enggak. Kebanyakan film-film non fiksi yang merias layar beling alias televisi kita, awalnya berasal pecah kisah-kisah wacana cerita yang diangkat kedalam sinema layar lebar. Misalnya
Cinderella, Twilight, Misteri Gunung merapi, Wiro Sableng
dan banyak gambar hidup tenar lainnya.



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